The Paralympic Games is a major international multi-sport event, invol- ving athletes with a range of physical disabilities. There are Winter and Summer Paralympic Games, which since the 1988
Summer Games in Seoul, South Korea, are held almost immediately following the respective Olympic Games. All Paralympic Games are governed by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC). The
Paralympics has grown from a small gathering of British World War II veterans in 1948 to become one of the largest international sporting events by the early 21st century. Paralympians strive for
equal treatment with non-disabled Olympic athletes, but there is a large funding gap between Olympic and Paralympic athletes. The Paralympic Games are organized in parallel with the Olympic
Games, while the IOC-recognized Special Olympics World Games include athletes with intellectual disabilities.